Pounded inexperienced sticky rice just isn’t inexperienced due to the addition of meals colour. It’s naturally inexperienced and subtly candy as a result of it’s harvested at a selected time when the grain is neither too younger nor too previous. The rice is then dry-roasted and pounded. It is able to eat at that stage. The truth is, it’s best eaten at that stage as a result of, in response to connoisseurs, the rice rapidly loses its taste and perfume.
All About Pounded Inexperienced Sticky Rice
Pounded inexperienced sticky rice known as cốm in Vietnam and pinipig within the Philippines. Though most sticky rice varieties will be made into pounded inexperienced sticky rice, there are varieties that include the perfect stage of waxiness to provide the highest quality pounded inexperienced sticky rice. In Vietnam, the popular selection is nep Hoa vang; within the Philippines, it’s Malagkit Sungsong.
For these residing exterior Southeast Asia the place recent pounded inexperienced sticky rice just isn’t obtainable, you may get the dried selection in Asian shops. The fried selection, nevertheless, requires a brief quantity of cooking both by dry-toasting or boiling.
On this recipe, dried inexperienced sticky rice is boiled for a short while till the combination is of the consistency of pudding. When you have no entry to pounded inexperienced sticky rice, even the dried type, test the notes after the recipe for other ways of getting ready candy sticky rice and pineapple dish.
Generally it's exhausting to translate phrases from one language into one other with out shedding a good quantity of its significance. That is a kind of occasions, and the merchandise at hand is cốm
(pronounced "kohm?" with an upward interrogative tone). Although this time period is expounded to rice, don't mistaken it for the cơm meaning cooked rice or a meal. On this event, we're speaking about specifically processed sticky (glutinous/candy) rice grains. Above is a photograph of younger rice bought at a Vietnamese market in San Jose.
Some time again, Gail from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, obtained me mildly obsessed about cốm when she requested about replicating some fried shrimp coated in com inexperienced rice that she'd loved on a go to to Hue. A couple of month in the past, Invoice H. wrote asking about the way to use some younger/inexperienced rice that he and his spouse bought in Nha Trang.
To help Invoice (and anybody else who could have run into this ingredient), listed here are some particulars, initially posted years in the past on the Viet World Kitchen web site. I've additionally dusted off a fried shrimp coated with cốm inexperienced rice recipe.
It’s freshly harvested sticky (glutinous/candy) rice that's been toasted to deliver out its delicate taste. It may be eaten as is and out of hand. As a result of it's a treasured commodity, connoisseurs advocate chewing on only a pinch at a time to actually savor the pure sweetness of the rice. Although the grains rapidly lose their delicate qualities (some say inside 24 hours!), Viet individuals get pleasure from them previous their prime in different dishes. For instance, they are often featured in rice desserts known as bánh cốm, which frequently seem throughout particular occasions like engagement ceremonies or Tet, made into ice cream, or suspended in a candy dessert soup. The grains could stir-fried with sugar and oil, a preparation that sounds wealthy and dandy. They could even be popped and blended with sugar syrup right into a Vietnamese rice crispy deal with. With the fried shrimp recipe offered right here, you may as well use cốm like breadcrumbs to create an exquisite coating for fried meals. The cốm obtainable overseas (see under) is okay however not a good illustration of what's in Vietnam.
Particular Inexperienced Cốm
Com can come from completely different components of Vietnam however there’s one specific type that's most prized – that from Vong village (Lang Vong) situated on the outskirts of Hanoi, proper off the freeway and some hundred meters from the Ha Pagoda. For northern Vietnamese, significantly Hanoians, com from Lang Vong has a particular place of their hearts. The rice grown in that village is splendidly flavored and aromatic, a singular artisanal product that's solely grown and harvested in autumn by farmers of that village. Tremendous recent cốm from Vong village is taken into account one of the best. Throughout com season, some individuals place a some on their ancestral altar as an providing.
In line with archival data, Lang Vong has been making com inexperienced rice for at the very least 700 years. The method of rising, harvesting, and processing the rice is seemingly a long-guarded secret of farming households of that village. It's been mentioned that to maintain the data within the household, solely sons and daughters-in-laws are taught the way to make cốm. (As soon as married, a daughter has to go off to be along with her husband and his household. If she revealed the household's secret to the in-laws, it might enhance competitors for her blood household's livelihood.)
What’s public data is that making cốm requires plenty of work. For one of the best cốm, solely grains of nep hoa vang, a wide range of sticky rice that yields smallish spherical grains, is used. To test the readiness of the grains, the farmers choose and chew on among the uncooked grains. If it tastes as candy as milk, then it’s harvest time. Grains which are too previous gained't have a pleasant inexperienced coloring. Grains which are too younger will crumble when pounded. The grains have be excellent. Harvesting in the midst of the evening just isn’t unusual. (These are dedicated individuals!)
The rice is hand harvested after which winnowed utilizing a big, flat bamboo tray. The grains are then slowly dry roasted over a wood-fire after which transferred to a big mortar and pestle. Light, rhythmic pounding removes the husks from the grains, that are then winnowed and pounded once more. (Extracted inexperienced juice from crushed younger rice vegetation could also be added throughout this course of to yield a extra vibrant inexperienced colour.) The winnowing and pounding occurs precisely seven (7) occasions to take away the husk. If there's an excessive amount of pounding, the rice loses its inexperienced cask and turns brown. As soon as achieved, the completed com is fastidiously saved in layers of lotus leaves in order that it might stay recent and tender. Some individuals say that cốm is at its final finest inside 24 hours of being processed. (Photographs of com and the way it’s made are posted on the Nguoi Vien Xu web site, which is in Vietnamese. Sorry.)
Up to now, Lang Vong village was stuffed with rice paddies and farmers dedicated to cốm manufacturing. The financial development of the 1990s has led to improvement within the village and the lack of farm lands. Author Phu Duc notes:
For older Vietnamese, com has a sentimental worth. In an essay known as "Secrets and techniques of Com," Ham Chau reminds us of an previous folks ballad that mentions locations identified for sure meals components and the worth of the inexperienced rice:
Maybe a lot is misplaced within the translation, however the concept is there. Cốm is properly regarded in Vietnamese foodways. With the rise in tourism in Vietnam, who is aware of, perhaps the federal government or some artistic entrepreneur will revive com manufacturing in Vong village.