Bipolar dysfunction and PTSD are two separate psychological sicknesses that may happen independently or together with each other. Whereas they’re two totally different diagnoses, they share some similarities whereas additionally having key distinctions between the 2.
What Is Bipolar Dysfunction?
In keeping with the Nationwide Institute of Psychological Well being, “Bipolar dysfunction, often known as manic-depressive sickness, is a mind dysfunction that causes uncommon shifts in temper, vitality, exercise ranges, and the power to hold out day-to-day duties.”
Bipolar dysfunction is split into 4 varieties primarily based on the signs. The kind of bipolar dysfunction one is recognized with is reliant on the signs that one is experiencing.
Temper modifications typically happen in episodes that may final wherever from a couple of week to a month. Nonetheless, there are situations the place fast temper biking might happen.
Manic episodes can vary from paranoid to euphoric, and depressive episodes can vary from numb to catatonic. Hypomanic episodes might be seen as intervals of upper productiveness and vitality.
Bipolar Sort I consists of getting a manic episode that lasts no less than 7 days, in addition to a depressive episode. Bipolar Sort II consists of getting a depressive episode in addition to no less than one hypomanic episode. Hypomanic episodes are just like manic episodes, although they don’t seem to be as extreme.
Cyclothymic dysfunction is barely totally different than the opposite varieties as a result of it consists of biking between hypomanic signs and depressive signs. These cycles are likely to final no less than two years in adults, nonetheless, they don’t absolutely match the standards for hypomanic and depressive episodes.
The final kind of bipolar dysfunction is different specified and unspecified bipolar and associated issues. That is for these with bipolar signs that don’t match the standards of any of the three different varieties of bipolar dysfunction.
What Is PTSD?
In keeping with the Mayo Clinic, “Publish-traumatic stress dysfunction (PTSD) is a psychological well being situation that is triggered by a terrifying occasion — both experiencing it or witnessing it. Signs might embody flashbacks, nightmares and extreme anxiousness, in addition to uncontrollable ideas in regards to the occasion.”
Not like bipolar dysfunction, PTSD is a psychological sickness that’s brought on by environmental elements. The signs of PTSD can begin to reveal themselves one month after the traumatic occasion, however it’s also doable that signs present themselves years after the occasion. The signs of PTSD can have a big impression in your skilled life, faculty and private relationships.
The signs are often grouped into 4 totally different classes.
The primary class of signs for PTSD is intrusive reminiscences. These intrusive reminiscences might be distressing reminiscences of the occasion, they usually may even happen as flashbacks the place you are feeling you’re reliving the occasion. These may also manifest themselves as nightmares or desires.
The second class is avoidance. This class consists of avoiding the dialogue of the occasion and even enthusiastic about it. It additionally consists of avoiding conditions, folks or actions that you simply affiliate with the occasion.
Detrimental modifications in your considering and temper make up the third class of signs. These signs can closely impression your private relationships, in addition to your total happiness. These signs make you are feeling indifferent from family members and emotionally numb, and it could impression your capacity to carry shut relationships.
Adjustments in bodily and emotional reactions can happen as effectively. You could end up being extra more likely to be nervous, startled and even paranoid. Many with PTSD really feel like they always have their guard up. They could have will increase in aggression and outbursts of anger. These signs may also impression one’s capacity to sleep.
How Are PTSD and Bipolar Dysfunction Related and How Are They Completely different?
PTSD and bipolar dysfunction have their similarities and variations. Nonetheless, it has been discovered that as much as 40% of these with bipolar dysfunction additionally meet the diagnostic standards for PTSD.
Let’s begin with similarities first. PTSD and depressive episodes can have very related signs at instances. Not solely can each pressure you to lose curiosity in belongings you used to often get pleasure from, however they will additionally present a certain quantity of emotional numbness. Irritability and emotional outbursts can be prevalent in each.
With regard to PTSD’s similarities with manic episodes, each folks with PTSD and bipolar dysfunction can expertise paranoia, and nightmares are doable. Like some with PTSD, these with bipolar dysfunction experiencing a manic episode might have hassle concentrating, nonetheless it’s for various causes. For these with PTSD, it may be because of the after-effects of the trauma, however for these experiencing a manic episode, it may be as a result of racing ideas.
PTSD doesn’t have the acute emotional temper shifts the way in which bipolar dysfunction does.
Remedy for PTSD and Bipolar Dysfunction
Correct remedy for each PTSD and bipolar dysfunction tends to incorporate remedy from a psychiatrist, in addition to remedy from a therapist.
For bipolar dysfunction, medicines reminiscent of temper stabilizers and antipsychotics could also be used. Whereas PTSD doesn’t have medicines particularly for the PTSD itself, it does have some medicines that can be utilized to deal with sure mood-related signs introduced on by the PTSD.
It’s vital to obtain correct remedy for both situation, as a result of oftentimes one sickness can set off the opposite.
The Backside Line
PTSD and bipolar dysfunction might be tough to cope with on their very own. Nonetheless, it could develop into much more tough after they happen together with each other. Receiving remedy for each can assist fight the signs, and it could give you the coping mechanisms and information wanted to dwell a profitable life with each sicknesses.