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How to copy files in command prompt

How to copy files in command prompt

After putting recordsdata in your desktop, chances are you’ll need to entry these recordsdata from the Home windows command line. The next steps assist you get to the desktop listing from the Home windows command line for every of the variations of Microsoft Home windows.

Home windows Vista, 7, 8, and 10 customers

The desktop is positioned within the listing path under. Within the instance under, you’ll exchange the (username) half with the title of the consumer profile you employ to log into Home windows.

To entry the DOS command immediate, click on Begin, sort cmd within the Search packages and recordsdata or Kind right here to go looking textual content subject, then press Enter .

In Home windows 8, press the Home windows key , sort cmd, and press Enter .

Typically when opening the command immediate window, you may mechanically be positioned within the (username) listing. Due to this fact, you solely must sort cd desktop to get into the desktop.

Cannot discover the desktop listing path

If the desktop isn’t discovered on the default location, yow will discover the present location by following the steps under.

  1. In Home windows Eight and 10, open File Explorer. In Home windows 7, click on Begin, then click on Laptop.
  2. Within the navigation pane on the left aspect, right-click Desktop and choose Properties.
  3. Within the Properties window, click on the Location tab.
  4. The listing path to the desktop is displayed within the textual content subject on the Location tab.

How to copy files in command prompt

Home windows 2000, 2003, and XP customers

The desktop is positioned within the listing path under. Within the examples under, you’ll exchange the (username) with the title of the profile you employ to log into Home windows.

To entry the DOS command immediate, click on Begin, click on Run, sort cmd within the Run textual content subject, then press Enter .

Typically when opening the command immediate window, you mechanically be positioned within the (username) listing. Due to this fact, you solely must sort cd desktop to get into the desktop.

If you happen to’re in some other listing, you would wish to sort cd docu

1(username)desktop to get into the desktop.

Home windows 98, 95, and ME customers

When getting into the MS-DOS immediate, you might be mechanically positioned within the desktop listing. Nevertheless, for those who’re not, the desktop listing is within the following path.

Relying in your laptop working system, and the place you need to execute the copy, there are a number of methods to repeat a listing or folder. Choose a hyperlink under to your working system or the place you need to carry out the copy.

Microsoft Home windows

To repeat a folder in Microsoft Home windows, comply with the steps under. When copying a folder in Home windows, all the pieces within the folder, together with all recordsdata and subdirectories are copied.

  1. Find and spotlight the folder you need to copy.
    the folder and choose Copy, or click on Edit after which Copy.
  1. Transfer to the placement you need to place the folder and all its contents, and right-click and choose Paste, or click on Edit after which Paste.

As soon as a file is copied, it may be pasted anyplace on the pc, together with the desktop, one other folder, or a drive.

You can even use the keyboard shortcuts to repeat and paste recordsdata on the pc. For instance, you might spotlight any file and press Ctrl + C to repeat the file. As soon as copied, you’ll be able to transfer to the place you need to paste the file after which press Ctrl + V to stick the file.

MS-DOS and Home windows command line

To repeat a listing in MS-DOS, use the xcopy command. Beneath is a fundamental instance of every of the steps to do that in MS-DOS. If you happen to want extra details about the xcopy command or extra examples, see the above xcopy command web page.

By default, the essential xcopy command solely copies recordsdata within the listing you specify because the supply listing. You should use the /E choice to repeat subdirectories within the supply listing as properly.

Copy a listing and contents

Within the instance above, the listing "instance" is copied into a brand new listing known as "example2".

Copy the contents of a listing into one other listing

  1. Transfer to the listing the place you need to copy the directories and subdirectories. Within the instance under, we’re shifting to the temp2 listing utilizing the cd command.
  1. As soon as within the listing, use the xcopy command to repeat one other listing’s subdirectories and contents. Within the instance under, we’re copying the "temp3" contents into the "temp2" listing. Remember that this doesn’t copy the precise listing "temp3". Solely the recordsdata and subdirectories within the temp3 listing are copied.

As soon as the steps above are accomplished, all the pieces ought to be copied into the temp2 folder.

Copy a listing with an area within the title

When coping with an area in a file or listing, you all the time encompass it with quotes.

Within the instance above, the listing "take a look at" is copied into a brand new listing known as "house take a look at".

Methods to copy a listing to a different drive

Within the instance above, the "take a look at" listing on the C: drive would copy to the "take a look at" listing on the D: drive.

Linux and Unix

To repeat a listing with all subdirectories and recordsdata, use the cp command. Beneath is an instance command of how you’ll use the cp command to repeat recordsdata. Further details about this command and different examples can be found by way of the above cp hyperlink.

Within the instance above, the cp command would copy all recordsdata, directories, and subdirectories within the /residence/hope/recordsdata listing to the /residence/hope/backup listing.

Command Immediate is obtainable in most Home windows working methods

How to copy files in command prompt

Tim Fisher has greater than 30 years' {of professional} know-how expertise. He's been writing about tech for greater than 20 years and serves because the VP and Common Supervisor of Lifewire.

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Command Immediate is a command line interpreter software accessible in most Home windows working methods. It is used to execute entered instructions. Most of these instructions automate duties by way of scripts and batch recordsdata, carry out superior administrative features, and troubleshoot or resolve sure sorts of Home windows points.

Command Immediate is formally known as Home windows Command Processor, but it surely's additionally typically known as ​the command shell or cmd immediate, and even by its filename, cmd.exe.

How to copy files in command prompt

Command Immediate is usually incorrectly known as "the DOS immediate" or as MS-DOS itself. Command Immediate is a Home windows program that emulates most of the command line skills accessible in MS-DOS, but it surely's not MS-DOS.

Cmd can be an abbreviation for a lot of different know-how phrases like centralized message distribution, coloration monitor show, and widespread administration database, however none of them have something to do with Command Immediate.

Methods to Entry Command Immediate

There are a number of methods to open Command Immediate, however the “regular” technique is by way of the Command Immediate shortcut positioned within the Begin menu or on the Apps display, relying in your model of Home windows.

How to copy files in command prompt

The shortcut is quicker for most individuals, however one other approach to entry Command Immediate is by way of the cmd Run command. You can even open cmd.exe from its authentic location:

One more technique for opening Command Immediate in some variations of Home windows is thru the Energy Consumer Menu. Nevertheless, you would possibly see PowerShell there as an alternative of Command Immediate relying on how your laptop is about up.

Many instructions can solely be executed for those who’re operating the Command Immediate as an administrator.

Methods to Use Command Immediate

To make use of Command Immediate, you enter a sound Command Immediate command together with any optionally available parameters. Command Immediate then executes the command as entered and performs the duty or perform it is designed to carry out in Home windows.

For instance, executing the next Command Immediate command in your Downloads folder would take away all MP3s from that folder:

Instructions have to be entered into Command Immediate precisely. The fallacious syntax or a misspelling might trigger the command to fail or worse; it might execute the fallacious command or the precise command within the fallacious manner. A consolation degree with studying command syntax is really helpful.

For instance, executing the dir command will present a listing of recordsdata and folders that exist at any particular location on the pc, but it surely doesn't really do something. Nevertheless, change only a couple letters and it turns into the del command, which is the way you delete recordsdata from Command Immediate!

Syntax is so essential that with some instructions, particularly the delete command, including even a single house can imply deleting solely totally different knowledge.

This is an instance the place the house within the command breaks the road into two sections, primarily creating two instructions the place the recordsdata within the root folder (recordsdata) are deleted as an alternative of the recordsdata within the subfolder (music):

The right approach to execute that command in order to take away recordsdata from the music folder as an alternative is to take away the house in order that the entire command is strung collectively appropriately.

Don't let this scare you away from utilizing Command Immediate instructions, however undoubtedly let it make you cautious.

Command Immediate Instructions

Numerous instructions exist in Command Immediate, however their availability differs from working system to working system. You’ll be able to view which Command Immediate instructions are suitable with a particular working system right here:

Following these command lists will show that there are tons and plenty of instructions you need to use in Command Immediate, however not all of them are used as typically as others.

Listed below are a few of the extra generally used Command Immediate instructions which are utilized in quite a lot of circumstances: chkdsk, copy, ftp, del, format, ping, attrib, internet, dir, assist, and shutdown.

Command Immediate Availability

Command Immediate is obtainable on each Home windows NT-based working system which incorporates Home windows 10, Home windows 8, Home windows 7, Home windows Vista, Home windows XP, and Home windows 2000, in addition to Home windows Server 2012, 2008, and 2003.

Home windows PowerShell, a sophisticated command line interpreter accessible in current Home windows variations, dietary supplements the command executing skills accessible in Command Immediate. Home windows PowerShell might finally exchange the Command Immediate in a future model of Home windows.

Home windows Terminal is one other Microsoft-approved manner of utilizing Command Immediate and PowerShell throughout the similar software.