Categories
Medicines-and-Drugs

How to diagnose a thymoma

Price is 8-20% Lower Than Other

One to Three Years Warranty

100% Secure Ordering

Great Customer Service

How to diagnose a thymoma

MSL exclusive Medical equipment knowledge sharing!

Watching a lot of medical equipment news and learning some knowledges of medical equipment. All the hardworking just to be a profesional medical equipments supplier and service better for you. We hope the information about medical we provide could helps you to choose your suitable products.

How to Diagnose a Thymoma

Clicks: Updated:2017-04-20 16:04:31

The thymus is a gland located behind the middle of your chest (sternum) and in front of your lungs. Its main function is to make thymosin to mature and produce immune cells (T cells) to help fight infections and prevent your immune cells from attacking your own body (a condition called autoimmunity). The thymus develops most of your T cells by puberty, after which the gland starts to shrink and is replaced with fat tissue. Thymomas are tumors that slowly grow from the lining of the gland and account for ninety percent of tumors found in the thymus. It is relatively rare with about 500 Americans diagnosed each year (most between the ages of 40 and 60). By learning what symptoms of thymomas to look for and the diagnostic tests associated with the condition, you can know when to see a doctor and what to expect of the diagnosis process.

Recognizing Symptoms of a Thymoma
1. Look for shortness of breath. The tumor can press against the windpipe (trachea) causing difficulty getting air into your lungs. Note if you easily become out of breath or feel like something is stuck in your throat to cause a choking feeling.

2. Notice additional coughing. The tumor can irritate your lungs, trachea (windpipe), and the nerves associated with your cough reflex. Note if you have had a chronic cough from months to years with no relief from suppressants, steroids, and antibiotics.

3. Note instances of chest pain. Due to the tumor pushing on the chest wall and heart, you may develop chest pain characterized by a pressure-like feeling and location only in the center of your chest. Also, you can develop pain behind the breastbone that may hurt when applying pressure to the area.

How to diagnose a thymoma

4. Watch for trouble swallowing. The thymus can grow and push against the esophagus, causing difficulty swallowing. Note if you have trouble swallowing meals or you recently switched to a more liquid diet because it’s easier. The trouble may also feel like a choking sensation.

5. Weigh yourself. Because the thymus tumor can become cancerous and spread throughout the body (very rarely), you may experience weight loss due to the increased needs of the cancer tissue. Check your current weight against an older reading.

6. Examine for superior vena cava syndrome. The superior vena cava is a large vessel that collects the returning blood from the veins of the head, neck, upper extremities, and upper torso back in the heart.

7. Note symptoms consistent with myasthenia gravis (MG). MG is the most common paraneoplastic syndrome, which is a set of symptoms that are caused by cancer.

8. Look for symptoms of red blood cell aplasia. This is the destruction of premature red blood cells, which leads to symptoms of anemia (low red blood cells). Reduced RBC will lead to lack of oxygen throughout the body.

9. Examine for symptoms of hypogammaglobulinemia. This is when your body lowers production of infection-fighting gamma globulins (protein antibodies).

Diagnosing a Thymoma
1. See your doctor. Your doctor will collect a detailed medical history, including family history and symptoms.

2. Have your blood drawn. There are no lab tests for thymoma diagnosis, but there is a blood test to detect myasthenia gravis (MG) called anti-Cholinesterase AB.

3. Submit to an x-ray. To visualize a tumor mass, your physician will first order an x-ray of the chest. The radiologist will look for a mass or shadow near the center of the chest on the lower neck.

4. Undergo a CT scan. A CT scan will take multiple, detailed images in cross sections from the lower part to the upper part of your chest.

Price is 8-20% Lower Than Other

One to Three Years Warranty

100% Secure Ordering

Great Customer Service

How to diagnose a thymoma

MSL exclusive Medical equipment knowledge sharing!

Watching a lot of medical equipment news and learning some knowledges of medical equipment. All the hardworking just to be a profesional medical equipments supplier and service better for you. We hope the information about medical we provide could helps you to choose your suitable products.

How to Diagnose a Thymoma

Clicks: Updated:2017-04-20 16:04:31

The thymus is a gland located behind the middle of your chest (sternum) and in front of your lungs. Its main function is to make thymosin to mature and produce immune cells (T cells) to help fight infections and prevent your immune cells from attacking your own body (a condition called autoimmunity). The thymus develops most of your T cells by puberty, after which the gland starts to shrink and is replaced with fat tissue. Thymomas are tumors that slowly grow from the lining of the gland and account for ninety percent of tumors found in the thymus. It is relatively rare with about 500 Americans diagnosed each year (most between the ages of 40 and 60). By learning what symptoms of thymomas to look for and the diagnostic tests associated with the condition, you can know when to see a doctor and what to expect of the diagnosis process.

Recognizing Symptoms of a Thymoma
1. Look for shortness of breath. The tumor can press against the windpipe (trachea) causing difficulty getting air into your lungs. Note if you easily become out of breath or feel like something is stuck in your throat to cause a choking feeling.

2. Notice additional coughing. The tumor can irritate your lungs, trachea (windpipe), and the nerves associated with your cough reflex. Note if you have had a chronic cough from months to years with no relief from suppressants, steroids, and antibiotics.

3. Note instances of chest pain. Due to the tumor pushing on the chest wall and heart, you may develop chest pain characterized by a pressure-like feeling and location only in the center of your chest. Also, you can develop pain behind the breastbone that may hurt when applying pressure to the area.

How to diagnose a thymoma

4. Watch for trouble swallowing. The thymus can grow and push against the esophagus, causing difficulty swallowing. Note if you have trouble swallowing meals or you recently switched to a more liquid diet because it’s easier. The trouble may also feel like a choking sensation.

5. Weigh yourself. Because the thymus tumor can become cancerous and spread throughout the body (very rarely), you may experience weight loss due to the increased needs of the cancer tissue. Check your current weight against an older reading.

6. Examine for superior vena cava syndrome. The superior vena cava is a large vessel that collects the returning blood from the veins of the head, neck, upper extremities, and upper torso back in the heart.

7. Note symptoms consistent with myasthenia gravis (MG). MG is the most common paraneoplastic syndrome, which is a set of symptoms that are caused by cancer.

8. Look for symptoms of red blood cell aplasia. This is the destruction of premature red blood cells, which leads to symptoms of anemia (low red blood cells). Reduced RBC will lead to lack of oxygen throughout the body.

9. Examine for symptoms of hypogammaglobulinemia. This is when your body lowers production of infection-fighting gamma globulins (protein antibodies).

Diagnosing a Thymoma
1. See your doctor. Your doctor will collect a detailed medical history, including family history and symptoms.

2. Have your blood drawn. There are no lab tests for thymoma diagnosis, but there is a blood test to detect myasthenia gravis (MG) called anti-Cholinesterase AB.

3. Submit to an x-ray. To visualize a tumor mass, your physician will first order an x-ray of the chest. The radiologist will look for a mass or shadow near the center of the chest on the lower neck.

4. Undergo a CT scan. A CT scan will take multiple, detailed images in cross sections from the lower part to the upper part of your chest.

How to diagnose a thymoma

Thoracic surgeon James Huang works with medical oncologists and radiation oncologists to provide expert, multimodal care that is personalized to each patient.

Rare tumors located in the chest next to vital structures such as the heart and lungs are best treated by physicians familiar with how they develop and which approaches have worked in the past. In many cases, the complexity involved in the management of these tumors requires specialized and coordinated care.

At Memorial Sloan Kettering, you receive care from a highly coordinated, multidisciplinary team of experts that includes thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, neurologists, pathologists, and radiologists. Each year, we diagnose and treat more people with thymomas and thymic tumors than any other cancer center in the world.

Our team develops a treatment strategy customized to each patient, based on such factors as the type of tumor involved, the stage of the disease, and the condition of overall health. It may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In many cases, we are able to offer the latest in minimally invasive surgical techniques that minimize pain and shorten recovery time.

We are involved in the latest research advances for these cancers, conducting clinical trials to investigate the effectiveness of new chemotherapy combinations following surgery, for example, and evaluating medicines to inhibit tumor growth in people with advanced disease. Our extensive thymoma database tracks the outcomes of patients and is helping us to continuously update and refine treatment options.

In addition, we are examining the genetic and molecular characteristics of these tumors to better understand how they start to grow, and to create more targeted therapies.

Imaging tests such as chest x-rays, CT scans, MRI, and PET scans can help us determine the size, shape, and location of the tumor, as well as whether the disease has spread beyond the thymus.

To make the initial diagnosis, a doctor will take a small tissue sample (biopsy) from the area and examine it under a microscope. The sample can be obtained with a needle biopsy, in which the doctor removes a small sample of cells with a thin needle inserted into the chest, or with a surgical biopsy (a Chamberlain procedure or a mediastinotomy), in which the doctor makes a small incision in the chest and removes a sample of the tumor.

Sometimes, a surgeon performing a surgical biopsy is able to remove the tumor completely in the course of that procedure.

Surgery is often the only treatment needed for tumors that haven’t spread beyond the thymus (stage I). Our surgeons are also experienced in removing tumors that have spread to the tissues immediately surrounding the thymus (stage II), to neighboring organs (stage III), or into the chest cavity (stage IV).

In many people, early-stage tumors of the thymus are identified by chance during examination of an unrelated issue and can be treated through minimally invasive techniques. We remove many small and moderately sized thymomas with a high degree of precision and minimal discomfort using the assistance of surgical robotics.

Often our patients are able to return home after only an overnight stay in the hospital. Memorial Sloan Kettering thoracic surgeons are among the leaders in the development and use of these minimally invasive and robotic techniques.

People with large and more-advanced thymic tumors, as well as tumors that return after treatment, often require a combination of treatments including chemotherapy and radiation in addition to extensive surgery.

As leaders in the field of rare diseases, our medical oncologists can often offer chemotherapy options alongside innovative clinical trials using novel targeted agents.

Sometimes radiation therapy is recommended following surgery if tumors have spread beyond the thymus or chest. At Memorial Sloan Kettering, we have radiation therapists with expertise in thymic tumors. We may also recommend radiation therapy if surgery is not an option, or to help relieve symptoms if the disease has spread to other parts of the body.