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How to gasp in text

I want to start a piece using the inhaled sound of a gasp, but can’t think of how to actually write it.

Not: I gasped in horror.
But: the sound of a gasp, the sound of the inhalation

For example a sigh could be written as "ahhhhh." High heeled shoes on the floor could be written as "click, click, click."

How would you write a "gasp?"

panjandrum

Lapsed Moderator
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #2

Welcome to WR, tav.
This is a somewhat unusual request for these forums, but game for anything, there is my understanding of how to write a gasp of horror.

timpeac

Senior Member
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #3

Welcome to WR, tav.
This is a somewhat unusual request for these forums, but game for anything, there is my understanding of how to write a gasp of horror.

If you happened to be gasping while drowning, I suppose.

Sorry, that’s not very helpful I know . I can’t think of how I would write that – I don’t think we have anything standard for this in English, we just write "he gasped" "he said on a sharp intake of breath" etc.

panjandrum

Lapsed Moderator
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #4

If you happened to be gasping while drowning, I suppose.

Sorry, that’s not very helpful I know . [. ]

timpeac

Senior Member
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #5

I just did, and people have asked me if I have pleurisy.

Sorry – I’m just joking, yes on an intake of breath your ghuahh is quite a good approximation.

Tav – note that whatever you come up with, I don’t think people are necessarily going to guess what you are trying to represent on reading this word (as opposed to say "hmmm" or "ahhh" being scepticism and realisation respectively, which are known representations).

panjandrum

Lapsed Moderator
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #6

Tav – I agree completely with Timpeac’s comment.

As far as I know, there is no standard way of writing a gasp of horror, so you will need to set the scene and make sure that your readers are not unduly distracted from your plot development by their fascination with your brilliance in writing the gasp.

Slowly, Tav opened the kitchen door – listening intently for any sounds of movement.
He was completely unaware of Timpeac’s sinister presence in the corner by the washing machine.
Flicking on the light switch, Tav jumped onto the table, his eyes darting into every rat-infested corner.
"Ghuahh!!" he gasped, in horror, as Timpeac snarled towards the table, his features distorting in territorial rage, his sinewy arms brandishing the samurai carving knife dripping with beetroot juice and mayo from his vegetarian sandwich.

deserthaze06

Senior Member
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #7

duder

Senior Member
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #8

foxfirebrand

Senior Member
  • Oct 12, 2005
  • #9

Œuhhhhghh!
Œehhh!
Œughhhk!

Something like that?

A more masculine version, conveying a little indignation:

Ǽhhhhghk!
Ǽuhhhgh!

Gosh I have fun with this stuff.

I also put the exclamation point in the midst of some words, instead of the end.

"She ts!ked with obvious irritation."

You could play around with something similar, especially if you want to separate the breathy initial part from the glottal closure at the end– the way most gasps end, if you really listen, that’s where the difficulty in transliterating them lies. They are vocalized "backwards," with in- instead of ex-halation.

I like the gnarly foreign "fused" vowels, they give your reader some indication that we’re somewhere near the linguistic pale.

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How to gasp in text

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How to use gasp in a sentence

A: Well, I felt more or less like I was drowning, just gasp ing between life and death.

At certain points, I had so much trouble breathing I found myself gasp ing for air like a dying fish.

The whole hand-to-the-mouth gasp ing thing we do when learning that women go see these films is horribly retrograde.

Sometimes people with sleep apnea wake up during the night gasp ing for breath.

Oulson can be heard gurgling, gasp ing, his lungs crackling, the sounds of someone drowning in his own blood.

They fell against the tree stump and reeled clear again, swaying, gasp ing, and striking when they could.

Dick was almost gasp ing for breath, and as he buried his head in his hands, he tried to understand, to realise.

Ida sat down gasp ing, when her companion stopped, and gazed with an instinctive shrinking into the gulf below.

They were gasp ing when they reached a ledge of rock a little below the summit, but that was not why they sat down.

Not his brain alone, his voice was gasp ing it, harshly and croakingly, his lungs seeming on fire as they expelled the word.

Words often derived from sounds of animals, objects, or actions

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Onomatopoeia, or onomatopeya in Spanish, is the formation or use of words that are imitative or intended to sound like what they represent. A good example of this is the word "click" in English, which formed to imitate a clicking sound. Its Spanish equivalent is the noun spelled clic, which became the stem of the verb cliquear, "to click a mouse."

Onomatopoeia is not the same for all languages because native speakers interpret each sound their own way and may form words differently. For example, the onomatopoeic sound for a frog differs greatly across cultures. The croak of a frog is coacoa in French, gaegoolgaegool in Korean, ¡berp! in Argentinian Spanish, and “ribbit” in the United States. “Croak” itself in an example of onomatopoeia.

In some cases, imitative words have evolved over the centuries to the point where the onomatopoeic nature of the word is no longer obvious. For example, both the English “touch” and the Spanish tocar probably came from an imitative Latin root word.

How to Use Onomatopoeic Words

Sometimes onomatopoeic words are interjections, words that stand alone rather than as part of a standard sentence. Also, interjections can be used when imitating an animal, like a cow’s sound, which in Spanish is spelled mu.

Onomatopoeic words can also be used or modified to form other parts of speech, such as the word clic or the Spanish verb zapear, coming from the onomatopoeic word zap.

Spanish Onomatopoeic Words

In English, common onomatopoeic words include "bark," "snort," "burp," "hiss," "swish," and "buzz." What follows are several dozen Spanish onomatopoeic words in use. Spelling is not always standardized.

How to gasp in text

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Beschluss (GASP) 2021/142 des Rates vom 5. Februar 2021 zur Aktualisierung der Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP über die Anwendung besonderer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus gelten, und zur Aufhebung des Beschlusses (GASP) 2020/1132

Beschluss (GASP) 2021/142 des Rates vom 5. Februar 2021 zur Aktualisierung der Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP über die Anwendung besonderer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus gelten, und zur Aufhebung des Beschlusses (GASP) 2020/1132

OJ L 43, 8.2.2021, p. 14–17 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 20/07/2021; Repealed by 32021D1192

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Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union

BESCHLUSS (GASP) 2021/142 DES RATES

vom 5. Februar 2021

zur Aktualisierung der Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP über die Anwendung besonderer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus gelten, und zur Aufhebung des Beschlusses (GASP) 2020/1132

DER RAT DER EUROPÄISCHEN UNION —

gestützt auf den Vertrag über die Europäische Union, insbesondere auf Artikel 29,

auf Vorschlag des Hohen Vertreters der Union für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik,

in Erwägung nachstehender Gründe:

Der Rat hat am 27. Dezember 2001 den Gemeinsamen Standpunkt 2001/931/GASP ( 1 ) angenommen.

Der Rat hat am 30. Juli 2020 den Beschluss (GASP) 2020/1132 ( 2 ) zur Aktualisierung der Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, auf die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP Anwendung finden, (im Folgenden „Liste“) angenommen.

Nach Artikel 1 Absatz 6 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP ist es erforderlich, die Namen der in der Liste aufgeführten Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften einer regelmäßigen Überprüfung zu unterziehen, um sicherzustellen, dass ihr Verbleib auf der Liste nach wie vor gerechtfertigt ist.

In dem vorliegenden Beschluss wird das Ergebnis der Überprüfung wiedergegeben, die der Rat in Bezug auf die Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften durchgeführt hat, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP gelten.

Der Rat hat sich davon überzeugt, dass die zuständigen Behörden im Sinne des Artikels 1 Absatz 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP Beschlüsse zu allen in der Liste aufgeführten Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften dahin gehend gefasst haben, dass diese an terroristischen Handlungen im Sinne des Artikels 1 Absätze 2 und 3 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP beteiligt waren. Der Rat hat zudem festgestellt, dass die Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP gelten, weiterhin den im Gemeinsamen Standpunkt 2001/931/GASP vorgesehenen besonderen restriktiven Maßnahmen unterliegen sollten.

Die Liste sollte entsprechend aktualisiert und der Beschluss (GASP) 2020/1132 sollte aufgehoben werden —

HAT FOLGENDEN BESCHLUSS ERLASSEN:

Die Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, für die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP gelten, ist im Anhang dieses Beschlusses wiedergegeben.

Der Beschluss (GASP) 2020/1132 wird aufgehoben.

Dieser Beschluss tritt am Tag nach seiner Veröffentlichung im Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union in Kraft.

Geschehen zu Brüssel am 5. Februar 2021.

Im Namen des Rates

( 1 ) Gemeinsamer Standpunkt 2001/931/GASP des Rates vom 27. Dezember 2001 über die Anwendung besonderer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus (ABl. L 344 vom 28.12.2001, S. 93).

( 2 ) Beschluss (GASP) 2020/1132 des Rates vom 30. Juli 2020 zur Aktualisierung der Liste der Personen, Vereinigungen und Körperschaften, auf die die Artikel 2, 3 und 4 des Gemeinsamen Standpunkts 2001/931/GASP über die Anwendung besonderer Maßnahmen zur Bekämpfung des Terrorismus Anwendung finden, und zur Aufhebung des Beschlusses (GASP) 2020/20 (ABl. L 247 vom 31.7.2020, S. 18).

SHARE Consortium and the UA Sarver Heart Center Resuscitation Research Group rediscovered a fact that cannot be emphasized enough, both to experts in the field of resuscitation science and to the public.

More than half the patients in cardiac arrest gasp. Gasping has been described as snoring, gurgling, moaning, snorting, agonal or labored breathing. However, bystanders often misinterpret gasping and other unusual vocal sounds as breathing and do not call 9-1-1 or begin lifesaving chest compressions quickly enough. Or, they call 9-1-1 and when asked by the dispatcher if the patient is breathing, they often say ‘Yes’ – leading the dispatcher to believe it is not a cardiac arrest and give inappropriate recommendations to the rescuer. A few minutes later, the gasping stops, and only when the rescuer reports back to the dispatcher do they realize they are dealing with cardiac arrest. By that time, precious minutes have been wasted during which the patient’s brain and heart have not received any blood flow.

Usually, this gasping or agonal breathing stops within about four minutes, which is why many experts have not recognized this phenomenon so far! Gasping is a survival reflex triggered by the brain and can increase the chances of survival for someone in cardiac arrest.

“Gasping is an indication that the brain is still alive and it tells you that if you start and continue uninterrupted chest compressions, the person has a high chance of surviving. The challenge is to educate bystanders that if they are helping someone in cardiac arrest, not to mistake gasping for breathing. Contrary as it may seem, a person who is gasping is not OK – they need chest compressions. Bystanderinitiated CPR has been shown to be a cardiac arrest victim’s only chance of survival until an automated external defibrillator (AED) or the paramedics get to the scene.

Many bystanders are hesitant to perform mouth-to-mouth ventilation, and in a case of a witnessed (seen or heard) collapse, so-called rescue breathing is not necessary and may be harmful. When the patient gasps, there is a negative pressure in the chest, which not only sucks air into the lungs but also draws blood to refill the heart. In contrast, mouth-to-mouth breathing creates overpressure in the chest and actually inhibits blood flow back to the heart. Gasping during cardiac arrest is much
better than mouth-to-mouth breathing.

But what about choking? That’s very different. Someone who is choking will be seen to grasp their throat and struggle to breathe, which means they’re responsive. These individuals need the Heimlich maneuver. A primary cardiac arrest is the witnessed, unexpected collapse of an individual who is not responsive. Cardiac arrest will cause the stricken individual to pass out and collapse within seconds.Rarely, a patient with cardiac arrest will have a seizure.

Bentley J. Bobrow, MD, medical director of the Bureau of Emergency Medical Services & Trauma System at the Arizona Department of Health Services, examined data from two sources. Transcripts from the Phoenix Fire Department Regional Dispatch Center included information on gasping in patients found by bystanders, whether their collapse was witnessed or not. The department’s first-care reports on 1,218 witnessed patients provided the incidence of gasping upon or after the arrival of emergency medical service (EMS) personnel. Among the 481 patients who received bystander CPR, 39 percent of gaspers survived, but only 9 percent of those who did not gasp survived.

Performing uninterrupted chest compressions may cause a person who has stopped gasping to resume gasping. This scares many people and they stop pressing on the chest, but gasping is an indication that you’re doing a good job. Keep up continuous chest compressions! ♥

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Microsoft Visual TrueType (VTT) is a professional-level tool for graphically instructing TrueType and OpenType TM fonts.

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Version 6.35 [July, 2021 release]

The following are changes since 6.34 [December, 2020 release]

  • VTTShell. Add option to compile range of glyphs.
  • Various bug fixes.
    • Fix windows scroll issue when editing CVT variations.
    • Fix VTTShell not compiling last glyph.
    • Fix issue with cvar table generation with CVT number greater than 256.
    • Fix issue with character set sync across views if sync charset with main is disabled.

    Version 6.34 [December, 2020 release]

    The following are changes since 6.33 [November, 2019 release]

    • Per display DPI awareness. Support per display DPI when rendering visual elements. This is noticeable when dragging VTT from one display to another on a multi display system.
    • Various bug fixes.
      • Fix undo/redo that was not working in the main view.
      • Fix issue with composite detection change detection in variation font.
      • Fix issue where VTT was not opening on display where last closed.
      • Fix IDEF definition limit issue.
      • Fix issue with cvar table generation where tuple records have more than 63 CVT entries.
      • Fix issue with Light Latin auto hinter on complex glyphs.

      Version 6.33 [November, 2019 release]

      The following are changes since 6.32 [October, 2019 release]

      • Bug fix in Variation CVT view preventing user editing of some instances.

      Version 6.32 [October, 2019 release]

      The following are changes since 6.31 [October, 2018 release]

      • Enhanced vertical accent placement. Update autohinter and hinting template files for enhanced vertical accent placement. Positions marks in composites with greater precision using logic similar to Res*() functions.
      • VTTShell command line tool updates. Enhance VTTShell with more complete error reporting and ability to strip TSI tables from a font that has already been compiled.
      • Prevent composite glyph definition from changing. VTT will no longer overwrite composite glyph definitions (i.e. OFFSET[] and USEMYMETRICS[] pseudo-instructions) that are inconsistent with VTT source. Instead, VTT will leave the composite definition as is in the glyf table, and report an error.
      • User interface enhancements and bug fixes.
        • Fix point drawing problems in main view for coincident adjacent points.
        • Variation main view will now update after changing the CVT program and compiling.
        • Change variation UI to allow scrolling the CVTs listed in the non-editable default instance of a variation font.
        • Fix bug when opening a font in VTT after closing another font when sometimes the default instance CVT data was editable when it should not have been.
        • Fix reported autohinter crashing bug.
        • Create cvar from source when compiling all programs in both VTT and VTTShell.

        Version 6.31 [October, 2018 release]

        The following are changes since the 6.30 [August, 2018 release]

        • Introduction of “follow gasp” mode where text displayed in VTT can follow gasp table settings. Previously, VTT supported editing of the gasp table but text displayed in VTT would not follow gasp table settings. The “follow gasp” mode is an optional mode where text displayed in the main windows, sample text view, waterfall view and charset view will render according to appropriate gasp table settings.
        • Various bug fixes. Bug fixes including fix bug when importing glyphs from a “large” font, fix tag swap bug in TSIC table which is source table for cvar variation table, fix autohinter bug.

        Version 6.30 [August, 2018 release]

        The following are the changes since the 6.20 [March, 2017 release] release of VTT:

        • Support for Open Type Font Variations including Intermediates. Previously, VTT only supported varying CVTs at the extremes of axes in the design space. VTT now can vary CVTs anywhere in the design space, including intermediate points between axis masters, and the corners of the design space.
        • Updated UI in Variation CVT Windows. The Variation CVT window now clearly shows you how CVTs change at the selected point in the design space: it tells you which CVTs you have edited at that point, which CVTs are varying due to nearby deltas, and which CVTs are unchanged. You can also add, edit and remove instances represented in the cvar table. You can create temporary instances without deltas so you can quickly switch between points in the design space to proof your work. Finally, any can name any instance you create to make it easy to keep track of them.
        • Visual TrueType and FontTools. Visual TrueType uses a port of the FontTools varLib library when computing variation delta data for the cvar table.
        • Visual TrueType includes a command line utility vttshell.exe. This utility can be used to compile and/or strip sources from a font containing Visual TrueType source data. Usage options are available using the command vttshell.exe -? .

        Version 6.20 [March, 2017 release]

        The following are the changes since the 6.10 [February, 2016 release] release of VTT:

        The General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to ‘deplore’ the Ukraine invasion, but past US actions may have dulled its impact.

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        Russia rebuke at the UN: last gasp or multilateralism on the march?

        The U.N. General Assembly’s 145 –5 vote against the Russian invasion of Ukraine on Wednesday was overwhelming and marks a major rebuke to Putin, but what does it signify?

        The result from this eleventh Special Session, called under the 1950 Uniting for Peace procedure is, on its face, a triumph for Joe Biden and the West. But the knotty history is a tangled roadmap of American diversion from multilateralism which has effectively disarmed much of the force that the resolution should have had. In effect, Moscow is now in the same pariah position that the United States has occupied for half a century, but Washington’s insouciance to multilateral institutions has preemptively softened the blow for Putin.

        The Uniting for Peace procedure was originally a Western ruse to bypass the Russian veto during the Korean War, which was only set in train because of Putin’s predecessors’ ill-advised walkout from the Security Council to protest its refusal to admit China’s delegation. An illuminative footnote is that the British had already extended recognition to what was then Peking.

        Among the few allies in the General Assembly on whom the Soviets could rely were Ukraine and Belarus which, on Stalin’s insistence, were admitted as founder members of the U.N. and even served as elected members of the Security Council. Indicatively, neither of them ever, ever, voted differently from the USSR — until the Soviet Union dissolved. Hence the extra layer of irony that Stalin’s heir in Moscow now disavows that diplomatic triumph and discounts Ukraine’s sovereignty in word and deed.

        While we can, and should, sneer at the “Axis of Autocracy” — Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea, and Syria — that turned out for Russia on this vote, a vote like this gives a tour d’horizon of diplomatic cabals, a gauge of American diplomatic potency. There are countries that abstain or cast their so-called bathroom vote — those delegations that absent themselves from the vote. Morocco for example, whose forcible Western Sahara acquisition was recognized by Trump, and has not yet been disavowed by Biden; Uzbekistan whose people are the least Russophile of the Stans — but are very close to Moscow. Missing in action also was Moldova, which is the dubious beneficiary of Russian “peacekeepers” and reported being threatened with the arrival of even more.

        Cuba and Nicaragua had some vestigial grasps of principles and so, despite heavy pressure from Moscow, only abstained, but Venezuela’s kleptocrat rulers presumably had pocketed the U.N. dues, since its arrears prevented it from voting. Washington had had some firm albeit quiet words with Israel, whose attempt to keep Moscow on side had had it threatening an abstention, and with the UAE, which had bravely but foolishly abstained in the Security Council the week before. Other Arab countries were converted by the power of the word. The original resolution had “condemned” the invasion, but waverers were wooed by changing the minatory condemnation in the draft to a hand-wringing “deploring.”

        While the West can claim a Russian defeat here, a wider perspective should compare these votes to the regular humiliation of the United States over Middle East issues where similar lopsided tallies had the U.S. and Israel supported only by sundry assorted diminutive totally dependent Pacific atolls.

        After Korea, the Uniting for Peace procedure was invoked in 1980 for Afghanistan but was revived in earnest by the Palestinians in the nineties to bypass the U.S. veto on Israel’s behalf. But since then, Washington has pushed the line that the General Assembly resolutions are “non-binding,” and merely advisory. They had been enough to start the Korean War, and it was also a General Assembly resolution that partitioned mandatory Palestine and established Israel, and they are regularly cited in international court rulings. But a half century of U.S. efforts to shield Israel from global disapproval has preemptively defanged this resolution and the procedure itself.

        Whereby dangles another thread. While the U.N. Charter gives the USSR a permanent seat on the Security Council — and thus a veto, Russia is not mentioned at all. When the Soviet Union dissolved, its disappearance posed an acute dilemma. There was no official resolution or decision that the Russian Federation should inherit Soviet membership, even of the General Assembly, let alone the Council. Apart from Ukraine and Belarus, the other former Soviet Republics had to apply anew for membership. (In a similar case, the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Serbia was forced to apply anew.)

        But in 1991 the triumphant West drew back from ritual humiliation of Yeltsin. In fact, the British and French were foremost in lubricating Moscow’s way back in, since they both desperately wanted to avoid any questions being raised about their Security Council seats whose potential loss they saw as a form of diplomatic emasculation. There was increasing pressure from Germany and Japan and the Third World to wind up the U.N. clock from 1945.

        So it was tacitly agreed that no one would question it when the Russian delegation slipped into the Soviet seat. Indeed, American diplomats jokingly quipped that Sir David Hannay, the British ambassador, just sneaked in at night and changed the nameplates on the former Soviet space. On the day of last week’s invasion, I posted this memory and felt proprietary pride when the Ukrainian ambassador mentioned that evening that his country wanted all the relevant documents and decisions bearing on the switch with a view to challenging Moscow’s credentials and pretensions to a veto.

        So now the United States appears freshly converted to multilateralism after many years, not least since Donald Trump. While previous administrations had performed all kinds of contortions to reconcile generally agreed international law with its current whims, the last administration moved from bending the rules to breaking them, and accepted Israeli claims to the Golan Heights and Moroccan annexation of Western Sahara, territories inadmissibly acquired by force. As Nobel-prize winning philosopher Bob Dylan once sang, “to live outside the law, you must be honest.” The International Criminal Court has now, correctly, instigated investigations into Russia’s acts in Ukraine. We can but applaud, but Washington has not yet walked back on George W. Bush’s disavowal of the ICC jurisdiction.