Some of these medicines may cause side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, headaches and hot flushes.
Speak to your doctor for more information about the possible side effects of specific medicines.
Medicine that stimulates the ovaries is not recommended for women with unexplained infertility because it has not been found to increase their chances of getting pregnant.
There are several types of surgical procedures that may be used to investigate fertility problems and help with fertility.
Fallopian tube surgery
If your fallopian tubes have become blocked or scarred, you may need surgery to repair them.
Surgery can be used to break up the scar tissue in your fallopian tubes, making it easier for eggs to pass through them.
The success of surgery will depend on the extent of the damage to your fallopian tubes.
Possible complications from tubal surgery include an ectopic pregnancy, which is when the fertilised egg implants outside the womb.
Endometriosis, fibroids and PCOS
Endometriosis is when parts of the womb lining start growing outside the womb.
Laparoscopic surgery is often used to treat endometriosis by destroying or removing fluid-filled sacs called cysts.
It may also be used to remove submucosal fibroids, which are small growths in the womb.
If you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a minor surgical procedure called laparoscopic ovarian drilling can be used if ovulation medicine has not worked.
This involves using either heat or a laser to destroy part of the ovary.
Correcting an epididymal blockage and surgery to retrieve sperm
The epididymis is a coil-like structure in the testicles that helps store and transport sperm.
Sometimes the epididymis becomes blocked, preventing sperm from being ejaculated normally. If this is causing infertility, surgery can be used to correct the blockage.
Surgical extraction of sperm may be an option if you:
- have an obstruction that prevents the release of sperm
- were born without the tube that drains the sperm from the testicle (vas deferens)
- have had a vasectomy or a failed vasectomy reversal
Both operations take a few hours and are done under local anaesthetic as outpatient procedures.
You’ll be advised on the same day about the quality of the tissue or sperm collected.
Any sperm will be frozen and placed in storage for use at a later stage.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, involves inserting sperm into the womb via a thin plastic tube passed through the cervix.
Sperm is first collected and washed in a fluid. The best quality specimens (the fastest moving) are selected.
Read more about IUI.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
In vitro fertilisation (IVF), is when an egg is fertilised outside the body. Fertility medicine is taken to encourage the ovaries to produce more eggs than usual.
Eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm in a laboratory. A fertilised egg (embryo) is then returned to the womb to grow and develop.
Read more about IVF.
Egg and sperm donation
If you or your partner has an infertility problem, you may be able to receive eggs or sperm from a donor to help you conceive. Treatment with donor eggs is usually done using IVF.
Anyone who registered to donate eggs or sperm after 1 April 2005 can no longer remain anonymous and must provide information about their identity.
This is because a child born as a result of donated eggs or sperm is legally entitled to find out the identity of the donor when they become an adult (at age 18).
Get more information about fertility treatment options from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) website.
Eligibility for fertility treatment on the NHS
Fertility treatment funded by the NHS varies across the UK. Waiting lists for treatment can be very long in some areas.
The eligibility criteria can also vary. A GP will be able to advise about your eligibility for treatment, or you can contact your local clinical commissioning group (CCG).
If the GP refers you to a specialist for further tests, the NHS will pay for this. All patients have the right to be referred to an NHS clinic for the initial investigation.
If you have an infertility problem you may want to consider private treatment. This can be expensive, and there’s no guarantee of success.
It’s important to choose a private clinic carefully.
You should find out:
- which clinics are available
- which treatments are offered
- the success rates of treatments
- the length of the waiting list
- the costs
Ask for a personalised, fully costed treatment plan that explains exactly what’s included, such as fees, scans and any necessary medicine.
Choosing a clinic
If you decide to go private, you can ask a GP for advice. Make sure you choose a clinic licensed by the HFEA.
The HFEA is a government organisation that regulates and inspects all UK clinics that provide fertility treatment, including the storage of eggs, sperm or embryos.
There’s no evidence to suggest complementary therapies for fertility problems are effective.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) states further research is needed before such interventions can be recommended.
Page last reviewed: 18 February 2020
Next review due: 18 February 2023
When you and your partner see your doctor to talk about problems getting pregnant, it helps to do some planning on the topics you’d like to bring up.
The doctor will ask you questions, but you can bring your own list of questions to your appointment. It’s a good starting point for your discussion on infertility and ways to treat it. They can include:
- Could smoking, alcohol, or stress affect my fertility?
- Could my job or my partner’s job contribute to our problems?
- Are there any nonmedical approaches, such as relaxation or meditation, that could improve our chances of getting pregnant?
- Is it important to get an infertility evaluation now, or should we wait?
- Which specific tests would you recommend to diagnose infertility? What do they cost?
- What are our treatment options, and how much do they cost?
- How much of the cost of fertility treatments or testing does health insurance typically cover?
- What’s the success rate, measured by “live births,” for each type of treatment?
- How many procedures like the one you recommend for me has this fertility clinic done? What’s the success rate?
- Can you put us in touch with former patients who’ve had similar treatments?
How Does the Doctor Determine If I Am Infertile?
To determine whether you are infertile, your doctor will go over your health history, medications, sexual history, and sex habits, like how often you have sex.
Men will get a physical exam and often a sperm analysis, which tests the health of the sperm.
For a woman, testing begins with a medical history and physical exam, including a pelvic exam. The doctor then makes sure that they ovulate regularly and that their ovaries are releasing the eggs. Blood tests are taken to measure hormone levels. The ovaries and uterus may be examined by ultrasound, and a specific X-ray test can check the uterus and fallopian tubes.
In about 80% of couples, the cause of infertility is either an ovulation problem, blockage of the fallopian tubes, or a sperm problem. In 5%-15% of couples, all tests are normal, and the cause is not known.
What Are the Treatments for Infertility?
In men, fertility is treated with:
- Surgery, if the cause is a varicocele (widening of the veins in the scrotum) or a blockage in the vas deferens, tubes that carry sperm. to treat infections in the reproductive organs.
- Medications and counseling to treat problems with erections or ejaculation.
- Hormone treatments if the problem is a low or high level of certain hormones.
In women, infertility is treated with:
and hormones to help the woman ovulate or restore levels of hormones
- Surgery to remove tissue that is blocking fertility (such as endometriosis) or to open blocked fallopian tubes
Infertility in men and women can also be treated with assisted reproductive technology, or ART. There are several types of ART:
- IUI (intrauterine insemination): Sperm is collected and placed directly inside the woman’s uterus while they are ovulating.
- IVF (in vitro fertilization): The sperm and egg are collected and brought together in a lab. The fertilized egg grows for 3 to 5 days. Then the embryo is placed in the woman’s uterus.
- GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer) and ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer): The sperm and egg are collected and quickly placed in a fallopian tube. With GIFT, both the sperm and eggs are placed into the fallopian tube. With ZIFT, the sperm and eggs are brought together in a lab and then a fertilized egg is placed into the tube at 24 hours.
Some resources for educating yourself and getting support are:
Resolve. This organization is a source for research, support, and advocacy.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine. This site has information for patients and medical professionals.
InterNational Council on Infertility Information and Dissemination.
American College of Physicians: “Women’s Health VII Infertility.”
“Gynecology and Obstetrics,” The Merck Manual 2005, Section 18, Chapter 245.
Finding out that you or your partner are unable to fall pregnant can be upsetting and difficult to deal with. There are a number of fertility treatments that are available to both of you.
Treatment for infertility is available and can bring hope to people wanting to have a baby, but it also has financial, physical and emotional costs. And success is not guaranteed.
You and your partner will both need investigations to work out what the cause may be. Sometimes, the problem lies with the woman. Sometimes with the man. Sometimes with both. And sometimes, no cause is ever found.
Treatment usually aims to either fix the underlying cause of infertility, or use an assisted reproductive technology like IVF to help you have a child.
Treatments for infertility in women
The treatment that might suit you depends on the cause of infertility.
- Hormone medications such as clomiphene (a tablet called Clomid) can help stimulate ovulation.
- Surgery can treat blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
- Surgery, laser treatment or medicines can treat endometriosis or fibroids.
- Intrauterine insemination (also called artificial insemination) is the placement of sperm directly into the uterus, bypassing the cervical mucus. It can be used by women with unexplained infertility, fallopian tube damage or mild endometriosis.
- In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a well-known form of infertility treatment, where eggs are collected from a woman’s ovaries, and sperm from a man, and fertilisation takes place in a laboratory. The fertilised egg (embryo) is then placed into the woman’s uterus.
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a type of IVF, and involves the injection of a single sperm into an egg in a laboratory. It is used to treat male infertility associated with sperm problems.
Treatments for infertility in men
The treatment that might suit you depends on the causes of the problem. Treatments vary in how much they cost and how effective they are.
- Sperm retrieval (removing sperm) for use in assisted reproductive treatments, including timed artificial insemination
- IVF with the male partner’s sperm
- ICSI (see section above)
Eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol and cigarettes can help with improving sperm quality.
Donor conception may be another option to achieve pregnancy. Donor sperm, donor eggs, or donor embryos can all be used in assisted reproductive treatments.
Source s :
Last reviewed: September 2019
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When to consider IVF
Considering IVF is a big decision to make. It is expensive, and it can be difficult and there is no guarantee of success.
Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website
Female infertility – MyDr.com.au
There are several factors that can affect a woman’s fertility. Treatments are available for many of the causes of female infertility and assisted reproductive technology such as IVF can help some women get pregnant.
Read more on myDr website
PCOS and pregnancy
Having polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) can increase your risk of some complications during pregnancy. Read about diagnosis, infertility and how it can affect pregnancy.
Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website
Smoking and tobacco and pregnancy | Australian Government Department of Health
If you’re pregnant, the safest option is to not smoke at all. The chemicals in tobacco smoke affect an unborn baby’s development and may have lifelong effects. Find out what the risks are and who you can contact for help and support.
Read more on Department of Health website
Getting pregnant – MyDr.com.au
Getting pregnant is easy for some women, but for others it can be a difficult. Women are most fertile between 20 and 24 years of age, after which fertility declines.
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Types of support in pregnancy – COPE
COPE’s purpose is to prevent and improve the quality of life of those living with emotional and mental health problems that occur prior to and within the perinatal period.
Read more on COPE – Centre of Perinatal Excellence website
Male infertility – MyDr.com.au
Male infertility is a major factor in 30-50 per cent of difficulties conceiving. It usually results from low numbers of, or poor quality, sperm.
Read more on myDr website
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There are many medical conditions that can be the underlying cause of infertility for both men and women. Learn more about some of them below and possible options.
What are my options?
Thanks to continued advances in reproductive medicine, in vitro fertilization (IVF) has become a highly successful treatment for infertility. IVF treatments are more invasive than other treatments and can be a costly option, particularly for patients lacking fertility insurance coverage. Many patients believe that IVF provides their only chance of having a baby; however, this may not be the case. There are a few absolute indications for needing IVF, such as absent or damaged fallopian tubes, desire for preimplantation genetic testing, severe male factor, or unsuccessful attempts with less invasive treatments.
Before starting fertility treatment, a thorough assessment of general health, ovarian function, and hormonal balance is needed. Detection and treatment of thyroid disease and high prolactin levels can restore normal reproductive function for some women. Screening for and correcting metabolic abnormalities like insulin resistance can also improve reproductive and overall health. Men should complete a semen analysis early on to evaluate any problems with sperm production or function.
The initial female fertility evaluation includes an assessment of the uterus and fallopian tubes. Uterine fibroids are the most common non-cancerous gynecologic tumor in women and are often diagnosed in women having difficulty conceiving. Uterine polyps are soft tissue growths that are also commonly detected in women seeking fertility care. Fibroids or polyps inside the uterine cavity can interfere with implantation and removing them can restore fertility. Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes can also cause infertility. An x-ray test called a hysterosalpingogram is often used to determine if the fallopian tubes are normal.
Ovulation problems affect up to 20% of women who are having trouble getting pregnant. Women who are overweight or underweight may ovulate less frequently and this can contribute to trouble conceiving. For overweight women, losing 5-10% of their body weight can restore normal ovulation, without further fertility treatment. Women who are underweight can also see a return of regular menstrual cycles with weight gain. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder in reproductive aged women and many women with PCOS also experience problems with ovulation.
A common treatment for women with irregular ovulation is ovulation induction (OI). With OI treatment, a woman takes an oral medication, like clomid or letrozole, and then may have an ultrasound to determine how the ovaries responded to the medication. OI can be combined with intercourse timed around expected ovulation or coordinated with an intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure. The same medications used for OI can be used for superovulation in women who ovulate regularly, but are having difficulty conceiving.
Clomid or letrozole treatment in ovulatory women will usually stimulate two to four eggs to develop. The superovulation treatment is then combined with either timed intercourse or an IUI procedure. A good candidate for OI or superovulation has at least one normal fallopian tube and normal sperm from a partner or donor. The natural fertility rate for fertile couples is 20-25% per cycle, and rates for couples treated with medication and IUI can reach 15-20% per cycle.
While some patients have an absolute indication for IVF, many will not. There are low cost fertility treatment options for patients. Oftentimes, medical treatment of a hormonal imbalance or correction of a metabolic disturbance can improve reproductive function. Surgical removal of fibroids and polyps from inside the uterine cavity can also increase the chance of pregnancy. Ovulation induction or superovulation treatments cost a fraction of IVF treatments and can achieve pregnancy rates close to those of fertile couples.
Contributed by: Desireé McCarthy-Keith, MD, is a reproductive endocrinologist in Atlanta, Georgia.
There are a number of different fertility treatments, from fertility drugs and embryo screening to surgical sperm extraction and IVF. Explore all the different treatments available and find out about the risks of treatment, using donated eggs, sperm and embryos and having treatment abroad.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
IUI or artificial insemination is commonly used by people who are using donated sperm in their treatment, including single women and female couples, but can also be used by some heterosexual couples.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF)
IVF is suitable for people with a wide range of fertility issues and is the one of the most commonly used and successful treatments available for many people.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
For around half of couples who are having problems conceiving the cause of infertility is sperm-related. ICSI is the most common and successful treatment for male infertility.
Some people with polycystic ovary syndrome or fertility problems caused by hormone imbalances may be able to have fertility drug treatment without needing to have a more invasive treatment like IVF or IUI.
It’s possible to have IVF with either less medication, or no medication at all. These treatments include natural IVF, mild stimulation IVF and in vitro maturation (IVM) and may be suitable for people who are unable to take fertility drugs due to an existing medical condition.
Surgical sperm extraction
If you have no, or extremely low numbers of sperm in your semen, you may be able to have sperm collected surgically. This page will introduce you to your options and chances of success.
Some conditions that affect your fertility may be treatable with surgery. This includes women with blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis and fibroids and men who have had a vasectomy which they want to have reversed.
Surrogacy is the main treatment for same sex male couples who’d like to have a family. It can also be used by women who have a medical condition that makes it difficult or impossible to get pregnant and couples who have had repeated miscarriages or failed treatment cycles.
The most important thing you can do when making decisions about fertility treatment is to ensure you are well informed.
Your clinic may ask about your recent travel history, in case you have been to any countries that have been affected by an outbreak of disease or infection. You should also inform your clinic if you have plans to go abroad while getting fertility treatment.
To stay up to date, please see our news page.
Other things to consider
Some people prefer to go abroad for treatment but there are a number of important issues to consider. Understand all the risks of having treatment abroad and next steps for finding a clinic.
Risks of fertility treatment
Risks of fertility treatment can range from mild discomfort to potentially life-threatening conditions. Understand all the risks and what you need to look out for to have a safe and healthy pregnancy.
Using a donor
If you can’t use your own eggs and/or sperm or you’re in a same sex couple or you're a single woman, you’ll need to use donated eggs, sperm or embryos. Find out more about using sperm, eggs or embryos from a donor.
Treatment add ons
Your clinic may offer you ‘extras’ on top of your IVF or ICSI treatment, such as reproductive immunology, time-lapse imaging and pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS). Not all of these have been proven to be effective and some actually cause you harm. Find out more about what these treatments involve and what evidence there is for them so you can make an informed decision.
Preserving your fertility involves freezing your eggs, sperm, embryos or reproductive tissue so that you can hopefully have a biological family in the future. This page will explain why you might want to preserve your fertility and the different treatment options available.
Embryo testing and treatments for disease
Embryo testing and treatments can be used by people who have serious inherited diseases in their family and want to avoid passing the disease onto any children they might have. Find out what your options are and how to get started.
Depending on your diagnosis, you can either take fertility drugs on their own or in combination with other treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF) . This page outlines the fertility drugs that can be taken on their own and when this kind of treatment might be appropriate.
What are fertility drugs?
Fertility drugs can be used in the treatment of some women who have been trying to get pregnant but have been unable to do so naturally. They are the main treatment for women who have fertility issues related to polycystic ovary syndrome and men and women who have fertility issues related to hormone imbalances. The most common fertility drugs are:
- Clomifene citrate (Clomid)
- Bromocriptine and Cabergoline
- Antioxidants and vitamins
Apart from antioxidants and vitamins, all of these drugs can only be obtained on prescription in the UK.
- Medication may be the first course of treatment if you have polycystic ovaries.
- If you have no or irregular periods you may also have drug treatment
- Supplements may help with some sperm problems but evidence is poor.
- You should only take medication under the care of a specialist.
Who might be recommended to have fertility drugs?
Your doctor may recommend that you have medication if:
- You’ve been diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
- You have a very irregular cycle or ovulation that’s totally unpredictable.
- You’re a man or a woman with fertility problems linked to your pituitary gland (hormones).
- You’re producing small numbers of sperm or you have sperm with an abnormal movement (low motility).
- You’re a man and you have certain infections or inflammations.
What fertility drugs are there for women?
Clomifene citrate (Clomid)
Clomid is an effective treatment which stimulates your ovaries to produce more eggs. It’s often the first course of treatment for women with polycystic ovaries but it can also be used by women who have late or irregular periods.
There’s a risk with Clomid of developing too many follicles (the sacs that hold your eggs). If this happens you could have a multiple birth (twins, triplets or more) which carries serious health risks to both mother and babies. For this reason, we strongly recommend that you only take Clomid under the supervision of a fertility specialist.
Find out more about multiple births on our Risks of Fertility Treatment page
Metformin isn’t technically a fertility drug; it’s a drug used in the treatment of people with diabetes. However it can be used by some women with polycystic ovaries who aren’t ovulating properly because of abnormal insulin levels in the body.
Women with PCOS can develop insulin resistance, which means their body stops reacting to normal insulin levels. To compensate, the body will produce more insulin than it needs and this can lead to high androgen (male hormone) levels which affect ovulation. Metformin reduces insulin in the body to normal levels, allowing ovulation to return to normal.
Gonadotrophins can be used by women with PCOS who haven’t gotten pregnant with Clomid and are still experiencing problems with ovulation. They’re hormones that you inject into the body to help stimulate egg production.
Women who take gonadotrophins can develop a side effect called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) which can, in rare cases, be fatal so it’s essential you’re aware of the symptoms of OHSS.
Find out more about OHSS on our Risks of Fertility Treatment page
Bromocriptine and Cabergoline
Bromocriptine and Cabergoline can be used by women who produce too much of the prolactin hormone, a condition called hyperprolactinemia. Prolactin is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain and too much of it can reduce levels of oestrogen in the body, making ovulation difficult. Bromocriptine and Cabergoline both increase levels of dopamine in the brain, which helps to reduce levels of prolactin production and return ovulation to normal.
Find out if you can receive government-funded fertility treatments and how to get started.
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How it works
Ontario offers a program that provides funding to participating fertility clinics across the province to cover treatment costs for eligible residents. After learning about treatments and what’s covered below, talk to one of the clinics or your doctor to decide what treatment might be best for you.
To be eligible for government-funded fertility treatments, you must live in Ontario and have a valid Ontario health card. Sex, gender, sexual orientation or family status are not considerations in fertility treatment eligibility.
Depending on the type of treatment you choose, there may be additional requirements for coverage, as well as some limits on coverage – please see the chart below.
Treatment types and coverage limits
One treatment cycle per patient, which includes the one-at-a-time transfer of all viable embryos.
One additional cycle if carrying a baby for someone else (acting as a surrogate).
* These factors are in addition to living in Ontario and having a valid Ontario health card.
What’s not covered
The following costs are not covered by the program but may be covered by some private health plans:
- any fertility drugs needed
- about $5,000 per IVF cycle
- about $1,000 per AI (or IUI ) cycle
There may be wait lists for government-covered fertility services at participating funded clinics. Clinics are responsible for managing their own wait lists and prioritizing patients using the physician’s best clinical judgment.
All funded clinics must regularly report to the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care on how the program is doing, including wait list length and average patient wait times, which we are monitoring closely.
Now that you know what’s available, your next step is to either set up an appointment with your doctor or contact one of the participating fertility clinics to discuss your options. They’ll guide you through the process of confirming your eligibility for the program and accessing funded services.
The treatment you’re offered will depend on what’s causing the fertility problem.
There are different options available. These include:
- lifestyle advice
- medical treatment
- surgical treatment
- assisted conception
Making certain lifestyle changes can greatly improve your chances of becoming pregnant.
- having a healthy body mass index (BMI)
- stopping smoking
- reducing stress
Sometimes medication will be prescribed to help you to become pregnant.
Most of the medications are to help you ovulate. If you have other problems, such as blocked fallopian tubes, medication may not be suitable.
Medical treatment might include clomiphene. This is a medication that may stimulate ovulation.
Occasionally other medications to trigger ovulation in women can be used if clomiphene does not work.
Metformin is a diabetes medicine. It is sometimes used to help women with polycystic ovarian syndrome to become pregnant.
You may need surgery to improve your fertility. Types of surgery include:
- removing scar tissue from a woman’s pelvis
- repairing or unblocking fallopian tubes
- treating endometriosis
- laparoscopic ovarian drilling for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
There are ways that fertility specialists can help you to become pregnant.
These treatments are available privately only. This means they are not provided by the public health service.
You can claim tax relief on the costs involved in IVF treatment as part of the tax relief for medical expenses scheme.
The Drugs Payment Scheme covers drugs used as part of fertility treatment.
The treatments are:
- IUI (intrauterine insemination)
- IVF (in vitro fertilisation)
- ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection)
IUI (intrauterine insemination)
IUI means that a sample of a man’s sperm is injected into the woman’s uterus (womb) around the time of ovulation.
The sperm is inserted into your womb using a small plastic tube. Sometimes you may be given fertility medications before to the procedure. The medication helps to stimulate ovulation.
If your partner is male and his semen analysis results were within normal limits, his sperm can be used.
In this case, he will normally produce the sample by masturbation prior to the procedure. Your healthcare team will tell you how to produce the best sperm sample possible.
Donor sperm might be used if:
- your partner is not male
- your partner has very few sperm, abnormal sperm, no sperm
- your partner has a serious infection
This sperm is produced by a donor and is usually stored in a sperm bank.
IVF (in vitro fertilisation)
IVF is where a woman’s eggs are fertilised with a man’s sperm in a laboratory. When an egg is fertilised, it is called an embryo.
Any embryos that are produced after fertilising a woman's eggs are graded for quality. One is selected for transfer to the womb.
The woman will usually be given medication to encourage her ovaries to produce eggs.
Once the eggs have been produced, an operation is performed known as ‘egg retrieval’.
The eggs are then mixed with sperm. This sperm is from her partner or donor sperm.
When the eggs and the sperm meet, the aim is for embryos to form. This can take a few days.
Once embryos have formed, one or two of these can be inserted into your womb after they have been graded. This is through your cervix (the neck of your womb).
If the remainder of the embryos are of a good quality, they can be frozen (cyropreserved) for the future.
Around one in every four IVF procedures is successful (results in pregnancy).
ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection)
ICSI involves the injection of sperm directly into an egg.
This method is chosen if the man has a low sperm count, as only one sperm is needed.
It is also used if the problem with getting pregnant is due to the sperm not being able to get inside the egg.
Any resulting embryos after fertilisation are then graded and 1 to 2 embryos can be transferred to the womb. Surplus embryos may be suitable for freezing (cryopreservation).
For many Australian couples, the journey to parenthood does not always happen as quickly as they expect.
Following some routine tests and investigations, your fertility specialist can formulate a personalised treatment plan with you, beginning, where possible with the simplest most natural options.
At IVF Australia, you’ll have the support of experienced local fertility specialists with access to the most advanced science and effective fertility treatments available in the world. We’re dedicated to giving you the best possible chance of having a baby.
We offer a wide variety of fertility treatments ranging from the very simple to the more complex including:
Ovulation Cycle Tracking
A simple process that can help you identify which days you’re most fertile to give you the best chance of conceiving naturally.
Ovulation Induction (OI)
A simple treatment that uses medication to help stimulate your hormones and encourage ovulation.
Artificial Insemination (IUI)
A technique that involves inserting prepared sperm into the female’s uterus close to the time of ovulation.
After a course of ovarian stimulation, eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm in a laboratory. One of the resulting embryos is then transferred back into the uterus.
A different, more sophisticated form of IVF where the scientist injects a single sperm into the egg to assist fertilisation. This technique is an excellent treatment if the sperm is of poor quality.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
Any additional embryos created from an IVF cycle can be frozen and stored for future use. These embryos can then be thawed and transferred if more than one treatment cycle is needed.
Surgery may be required to further investigate or treat conditions making it difficult for you to conceive such as endometriosis or fibroids for women, or to surgically retrieve sperm.
As part of our parent group, IVF Australia invests extensively in scientific research to improve knowledge of IVF and, consequently, outcomes for our patients.
Artificial Intelligence in IVF
A new artificial intelligence system, called Ivy, to predict the likelihood of a viable pregnancy from transfer of an individual embryo in a woman undergoing IVF.
Assisted hatching involves using a laser to gently thin the outer shell of the egg (called the zona). If the embryo can ‘hatch’ out of the shell more easily, it may have a better chance of implanting inside the uterus.
PolScope or Oosight Technology is an advanced scientific technique that uses polarised light to study the genetic material in the egg and help identify which eggs may have a better chance of implanting.
Digital High Magnification of Sperm
Using high resolution and high magnification digital enlargement technology, our scientists can enlarge images of sperm to over 7300x magnification compared to the standard 200-400x, here the scientist can select the most appropriate sperm to be injected into the egg.